This thesis defines the visual style of photographic representation that has been developed by the Magnum Photos agency, the most prestigious international agency for photojournalists. The parameters of this visual style are delineated through a detailed visual analysis of Magnum photographs as seen in their own publications. A classic Magnum style is shown to have emerged from particular historical conditions and personalities involved in the founding of the agency in 1947. Additionally, a new postmodernist visual mode that has emerged within Magnum since the early 1980s, alongside the classic style, is described and analyzed. The classic style and the new postmodernist mode are then discussed in the context of Magnum’s need to maintain a differentiated product as market conditions change over time. Magnum’s actual exploitation of particular markets as well as the agency’s discourse about markets are examined. While in recent years Magnum has promoted their postmodernist mode, after the events of September 11, 2001, Magnum shifted to emphasize their classic style in a book project documenting the attacks in New York city and the aftermath. This thesis contends that the classic Magnum style remains the definition of “good” photojournalism and thus has important implications for the way viewers perceive events that are mediated through photojournalism.
Michelle lives in Beirut with her husband and young daughter. She is the photo editor for the magazine Middle East Report (www.merip.org) and editor of the Photography Page on the e-zine Jadaliyya (www.jadaliyya.com). She is also an experienced photography researcher. She finds photos for authors to use in their published work and help them navigate the landscape of rights and permissions. She also pursues historical research into photography of the Middle East and occasionally publishes on this topic.
Thesis: The Construction of Photojournalism: Visual Style and Branding in the Magnum Photos Agency